Art Nouveau/ Balance in Design

Posted on November 5th, 2010

Art Nouveau (French for "The New Art." pronounced art noo-voh') 1890-1914, explores a new style in the visual arts and architecture that developed in Europe and North America at the end of the nineteenth century. An international art movement and style of decoration and architecture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, characterized particularly by the curvilinear depiction of leaves and flowers, often in the form of vines. These might also be described as foliate forms, with sinuous lines, and non-geometric, "whiplash" curves.

Artists- Gustav Klimt (Austrian, 1862-1918), Alphonse Mucha (Czechoslovakian, 1860-1939), Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French, 1861-1901), Aubrey Beardsley (English, 1872-1898), Antonio Gaudí (Spanish, 1852-1926), and Hector Guimard (French, 1867-1942) were among the most prominent artists associated with this style.

The roots of Art Nouveau go back to Romanticism, Symbolism, the English Arts and Crafts Movement and William Morris (English, 1834-1896). In America, it inspired, among others, Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933). The name is derived from "La Maison de l'Art Nouveau," a gallery for interior design that opened in Paris in 1896. Art Nouveau is known in Germany as Jugenstil and in England as Yellow Book Style, and epitomizes what is sometimes called fin de siècle style. It reached the peak of its popularity around 1900, only to be gradually overtaken by art deco and other modernist styles.
Designers have been inspired by this art form. You can see the flowing type in the Psychadelic posters of the 1960's.
You are going to create 2 compositions that use Art Nouveau inspired imagry- drawing from nature, and also using images in a decorative way. You will use the same images- minimum 10 and you will arrange one design that is symmetrical and one that is asymmetrical.
See below for an example of creating compositions using both forms of balance. This assignment did not however reference Art Nouveau although there are nature elements in both. Size 8"x10" 150 ppi


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